Beginners guide to learning PHP programming 2023

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a popular programming language used for creating dynamic web applications. It is a server-side scripting language, which means that the code is executed on the server and the result is sent back to the user’s web browser. This makes it a good choice for creating dynamic, interactive websites. PHP is known for its simplicity and flexibility, making it a popular choice for building dynamic and interactive websites.

In this tutorial, we will go over the basics of PHP and how to use it to create simple web applications.

One of the key benefits of using PHP is that it can be easily integrated with other technologies, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This allows developers to create powerful and engaging user experiences. PHP also has a large and active community, which provides support and resources for developers of all skill levels.

PHP is easy to learn and use, even for those with little or no programming experience. In this tutorial, we will cover the basics of PHP, including how to set up a development environment, the syntax and structure of PHP code, and how to use PHP to interact with a database.

Setting up PHP

To get started, you will need to install a web server and a database server. There are several options available, but the most popular ones are Apache and MySQL. You can download and install these applications separately, or you can use a pre-packaged solution such as XAMPP, which includes both Apache and MySQL.

Once you have installed a web server and a database server, you can create a new PHP file in your web server’s document root folder (htdocs for XAMPP). This is the folder where your web server looks for files to serve to clients. The file should have a .php extension and can be created using any text editor.

PHP Syntax

PHP code is written in plain text, just like HTML or CSS. However, PHP code is executed on the server and is not visible to the user. In order to tell the server that a section of code is PHP, you will need to wrap it in opening and closing PHP tags. These tags are <?php and ?>, respectively. Any code that is between these tags will be executed as PHP.

Here is an example of a simple PHP script:


    echo "Hello, World!";


This script will output the string “Hello, World!” to the user’s browser. The echo statement is used to output text in PHP.